Vietnam people - 54 ethnics in 1 country

Vietnam is one of the most populous countries in the world with the population of over 90 million of which 25% in cities and 75% in rural areas (Updated 2017). Population growth rate in Vietnam is 1.18% annually. The most populous cities in Vietnam are Ho Chi Minh City (5 million), and Hanoi (3.5 million). In the territory of Vietnam, there are 54 ethnic groups living together in harmony, in which Kinh people account for 86% of whole population. The rest number of the population fluctuates around 1 million, including ethnic minority people of Tay, Nung, Thai, Muong, Khmer, etc. Kinh people reside across the country, especially in plains and river deltas. They are owners of rice civilization. Meanwhile, the majority of ethnic groups live in midland and mountainous regions, stretching from north to south. Most of them live alternately; in which the typicality is ethnic minority communities in the North and North Central. However, they are all friendly and love peace. Vietnamese people are friendly and enthusiastic. They welcome visitors to their country with open arms and friendly smiles.ìn

vietnam ethnic


Nevertheless, ethnic minorities own uneven levels of development. In detail, residents in low - lying areas such as Muong, Thai, Tay, Nung minorities mainly live by paddy rice and upland milpa cultivation, cattle and poultry raising, gatherers, hunting, and fairly exquisite craftsmanship. They chiefly concentrate in Northern midland and mountainous region. Ethnic minorities living in the South are more separated. Except from the Cham, Khmer and Chinese living in the Central Coast, the South had a higher level of development than the majority of the rest ethnic groups. Besides, ethnic minorities in Highlands usually live in village organizations. Their living relies on nature in self -sufficiency. In particular, all ethnic groups retain distinct and unique cultures. Also, the belief and religion of ethnic groups are non-identical as well.

Vietnam government has been implementing policies of equality, unity and mutual assistance among peoples. In fact, each person is equal in the implementation of the development right. In addition, Vietnam government prioritizes to invest and develop economy – society in ethnic minority and mountainous areas, primarily focuses on the development of transport systems and infrastructure, poverty alleviation; effectively exploits the potential and strengths of each region along with sustainable protection of the ecological environment; preserves and promotes the cultural identity and ethnic traditions.

Over the century, Vietnamese people has intertwined throughout the history of fighting invaders; protecting the borders for freedom, independence and territorial integrity. Virtually, ethnic people each maintains their own voice, writing and cultural identity.


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